The 4 Noble Truths of a ‘thing’




New Buddhism





1.     A thing emerges

2.     Because of conditions.

3.    A thing re-merges/ends

4.    When the conditions end.



The English word ‘thing’ stands for the ancient Pali: dhamma or Sanskrit: dharma.


A thing happens as effect (or outcome) of multiple causes. Hence an effect is dependent on, therefore secondary to them, and is bound to them but does not own them. In relation to the effect, its causes function as prime or 1st causes, hence, as whole substrate, have real permanent (i.e. the exist for longer than their effect) selves (i.e. atta).



1.     An effect happens

2.     Caused by alternate effects.

3.     An effect ends

4.     When its causes end.


5.  Or when the effect becomes a cause



1.     An effect happens (momentarily)

2.     Caused by slicing or deciding its on-going causes substrate.

3.     An effect ends

4.     When slicing, deciding end.






1.     An effect happens (momentarily)

2.     Caused by multiple affects.

3.     An effect ends

4.     Either when the causal affects end or the effect quantises (decides itself) as affect.


An effect, therefore as  2nd, happens as whole affect of prior effects (quantised by the effect) as prime or 1st causes.


An effect (or any ‘thing’) happens as a momentary stopping or ending of an ongoing ‘causing’ process.


An effecting process, momentarily ‘decided’, hence quantised, as effect, thereby being provided with wholeness, completeness, certainty and so on, ends when the multiple on-going effecting process of which it happens effect are ended.


OR, when an effect, i.e. a decided effecting process, is quantised and in turn functions as a cause (or affect).


In simplest terms: An effect results from multiple affects. An effect ends its status, thereby gaining 1st or prime cause status, by become a cause, i.e. an affect.



 An effect (i.e. an effecting process) becomes a cause (i.e. an affect) if and when it is stopped, decided (hence quantised, i.e. collapsed as a perfect logic unit). That happens @ random collision with an alternate effecting process. In short, by means of random collision (or interaction, i.e. between ‘enemies’, i.e. ‘others’), both effecting process become quantised prime causes, each with a true self (i.e. as a 1st cause, hence with atta or atma status).


The whole shebang is guided and controlled by the stick called dukkha (suffering) and the carrot called sukkha (happiness, joy and so on).


The foregoing was not understood by the Sakya Buddha




4 Noble Truths Index