The 4 Noble Truths of the 4 Noble Truths




There can be little doubt that the Sakya Buddha’s great Liberating Insights (i.e. his fundamental universal ≈ completeperfect problem solution) were (was) adapted (indeed, pinched, as so many innovations are) from standard Indian medical best practice and which was 2nd to none (hence @ mukti in the Brahman) in the ancient world and now evolving to become the very best again. In ancient India, best medical (including mental health care) practice consisted of applying a template of 4 basic responses to a patient presenting with a illness, namely determining that:


Ancient Indian Medicine

The basic (hence universal) principle



1.              There is an illness.

2.              That’s the cause.

3.              There is a cure for this illness.

4.              These are the means of curing this illness.



Note the progression (and which can be expanded) from specific, hence relative (and experienced as incomplete, imperfect and so on) to abstract, hence universal (suggesting absolute, and experienced as complete, perfect and so on), in other words, from an individual and actual event to a universal and virtual principle. A Buddha is so-called because he generates (or finds) a universal principle.



The Sakya Bodhisattva


Actual application



Old Buddhism


The Sakya Buddha


The (more) basic (universal) principle


Old Buddhism


The Buddha of Buddhas

The Mitreya*

The most abstracted, hence universal absolute principle


New Buddhism


1.     There is suffering

2.     These are its causes

3.     There is an end to suffering

4.     These are the means



1.     There is arising

2.     These are its cause

3.     There is cessation

4.     These are the means to cessation


1.  There is a problem

2.  These are its causes

3.  There is an end to the problem

4.  Creating** a solution


*    So named because universally (user-) friendly.

* If ‘finding’ is substituted for ‘creating’, then the Pali metaphor ‘sammasambodhi’ is perfectly matched by the Greek/English metaphor ‘Eureka’.


What the possibly bi-polar (and very distressed) Sakya Buddha simply did was apply the principles of Indian Medical Best Practice to his personal problem. Indeed, that’s what everyone does to solve a problem that discomforts. However, he then generalised his solution to the whole-world-(i.e. life-)-as-‘ill’ (or sinful) and needing a cure (salvation).*  Then he deduced – as every basic scientist does – a universal (hence perfect, because complete, thus absolute) formula (or principle) for the universal ‘arising and ceasing’, and, in addition, a universal formula for the ‘arising and ceasing of ‘ill’’ (i.e. sorrow, suffering and so on) and, eureka (i.e. sammasambodhi complete, hence perfect awakening) a universal salvation formula (or principle) and its local application, a religion/means of salvation, arose.


* All of the Great Religions arrived at this proposition and that’s their raison d’être.

St Paul adapted this view from the flaky story of the 'fall’ and, possibly, from interacting with Buddhists or Jains during a visit to Persia after his Damascus fiasco. St Augustine revamped St Paul's personal notion of universal sinfulness, i.e. ill, as his even flakier fantasy of Original Sin.




Siddartha, prior to leaving home


    The approx 30 year old Siddartha prior to leaving home

    The Split Man

    @ Victoria's Way, Roundwood, Co Wicklow Ireland


The Split man


@ Victoria’s Way


Siddartha, seeking his cure


       The Fasting Buddha
       Siddartha attempting to cure his mental illness by practicing austerity 

        @ Victoria's Way, Roundwood, Co Wicklow, Ireland


Siddartha practicing austerity

i.e. the Fasting Buddha

@ Victoria’s Way