The Old, Middle & New Buddhisms





Old Buddhism



Middle Buddhism


New Buddhism


Everyday distress relief



Universal, metaphysical distress relief


Everyday mental health procedures



Transience and dependency are the cause of distress



Relativity (i.e. emptiness of abiding essence) is the cause of distress



Incompletion, i.e. failure to non attain, hence non-fulfilment, triggers distress


The Sakyamuni is an actual person offering practical distress relief


Buddha functions as universal salvation function



The Sakyamuni (i.e. the founder or inventor) as Leitbild, i.e. icon,

hence irrelevant



The issue of the atta ≈ self ≈ essence is irrelevant, hence unprofitable



The not-self, i.e. the lack or emptiness of inherent substance or essence, issue is crucial



The (true) self, that is to say, self-realization is crucial


The everyday relative

is treated as

(locally) absolute



The everyday relative is treated as relative, hence as ‘empty’



The relative is made (locally) absolute


Permanence and freedom

cause positive stress (i.e. joy)



Realising abiding essence causes positive stress (i.e. joy)



Attainment (i.e. success that fulfils) causes positive stress (i.e. joy)


Both the New and the Middle Buddhism can be found in the Old Buddhism

The Sakyamuni actually attained samma-sambodhi (i.e. complete awakening) via the New Buddhism


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